Word-built World: Qualia

qua·li·a/ˈkwälēə/Learn to pronounce

plural noun: qualia; noun: quale

  1. the internal and subjective component of sense perceptions, arising from stimulation of the senses by phenomena.

Qualia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchThis article is about the philosophical concept. For other uses, see Qualia (disambiguation).

In philosophy of mindqualia (/ˈkwɑːliə/ or /ˈkweɪliə/; singular form: quale) are defined as individual instances of subjectiveconscious experience. The term qualia derives from the Latin neuter plural form (qualia) of the Latin adjective quālis (Latin pronunciation: [ˈkʷaːlɪs]) meaning “of what sort” or “of what kind” in a specific instance, such as “what it is like to taste a specific apple, this particular apple now”.

Examples of qualia include the perceived sensation of pain of a headache, the taste of wine, as well as the redness of an evening sky. As qualitative characters of sensation, qualia stand in contrast to “propositional attitudes“,[1] where the focus is on beliefs about experience rather than what it is directly like to be experiencing.

Philosopher and cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett once suggested that qualia was “an unfamiliar term for something that could not be more familiar to each of us: the ways things seem to us”.[2]

Much of the debate over their importance hinges on the definition of the term, and various philosophers emphasize or deny the existence of certain features of qualia. Consequently, the nature and existence of various definitions of qualia remain controversial. While some philosophers of mind like Daniel Dennett argue that qualia do not exist and are incompatible with neuroscience and naturalism,[3][4] some neurobiologists and neurologists like Gerald EdelmanAntonio Damasio and Rodolfo Llinás state that qualia exist and have causal efficacy.[5][6][7][8]

More at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualia

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