a literary or artistic assistant, in particular one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts.
</divOrigin: early 17th century: Latin, from (servus) a manu ‘(slave) at hand(writing), secretary’ + -ensis ‘belonging to.’leewayPRONUNCIATION:MEANING:noun: The amount of freedom to do something: margin or latitude.ETYMOLOGY:
In nautical terminology, leeway is the sideways drift of a ship to leeward (away from wind). From Old English hleo (shelter) + way. Earliest documented use: 1669.
1. (in the Roman Catholic Church) officiate as bishop, especially at Mass.
2. express one’s opinions in a way considered annoyingly pompous and dogmatic:
“he was pontificating about art and history”
synonyms: hold forth, expound, declaim, preach, lay down the law, sound off, dogmatize, sermonize, moralize, lecture, preachify, mouth off, bloviate (from Robert McEwen, H.W., M.)
verb tr., intr.: Tomake a deceptive movement.
represent as or by an instance.“a study of two groups who seemed to instantiate productive aspects of this”
PHILOSOPHY(of a universal or abstract concept) have an instance; be represented by an actual example.
a boxing tactic of pretending to be trapped against the ropes, goading an opponent to throw tiring ineffective punches.
The Odic force (also called Od [õd], Odyle, Önd, Odes, Odylic, Odyllic, or Odems) is the name given in the mid-19th century to a hypothetical vital energy or life force by Baron Carl von Reichenbach. Von Reichenbach coined the name from that of the Norse god Odin in 1845.
the explanation of phenomena by the purpose they serve rather than by postulated causes.
THEOLOGYthe doctrine of design and purpose in the material world.
make every effort to unwind
let the calming breeze just blow
away those worries from your mind.”
J.R. Winchester; The Word According Two; Lulu; 2016.
another term for Second Coming.
make (something abstract) more concrete or real.“these instincts are, in humans, reified as verbal constructs”
recollection, in particular.
the remembering of things from a supposed previous existence (often used with reference to Platonic philosophy).noun: anamnesis
MEDICINEa patient’s account of a medical history.noun: anamnesis; plural noun: anamneses
CHRISTIAN CHURCHthe part of the Eucharist in which the Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Christ are recalled.
1.a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory.“the country’s increasingly precarious economic position”
relating to stimuli that are produced and perceived within an organism, especially those connected with the position and movement of the body.
not aware of or not concerned about what is happening around one.“she became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time”
synonyms: unaware of, unconscious of, heedless of, unmindful of, insensible of/to, unheeding of, ignorant of, incognizant of, blind to, deaf to, unsuspecting of, unobservant of; More antonyms: aware, conscious, sensitive
1.informaloffensivea stupid person (used as a general term of abuse).
2.MEDICINEdateda person who is deformed and mentally handicapped because of congenital thyroid deficiency.
1.not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse.“a precarious ladder”
2.dependent on chance; uncertain.“she made a precarious living by writing”
synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unpredictable, risky, parlous, hazardous, dangerous, unsafe. antonyms: safe
pressing; demanding.“the exigent demands of the music took a toll on her voice”
1.the simultaneous occurrence of events that appear significantly related but have no discernible causal connection.“such synchronicity is quite staggering”
2.another term for synchrony (sense 1).
(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.“he gave a perfunctory nod”
synonyms: cursory, desultory, quick, brief, hasty, hurried, rapid, fleeting, token, casual, superficial, careless,
halfhearted, sketchy, mechanical, automatic, routine, offhand, inattentive, “a perfunctory review”
antonyms: careful, thorough
1.a person who is knowledgeable about the nature and appreciation of beauty, especially in art.
2.NORTH AMERICANa beautician.
unchanging over time or unable to be changed.“an immutable fact”
synonyms: fixed, set, rigid, inflexible, permanent, established, carved in stone; More
1. Relating to a summary or general view of something.
2. Covering a wide area (as weather conditions).
3. Taking a similar view (as the first three Gospels of the Bible: Matthew, Mark, and Luke).
Origins: The word comes from the Greek αὐτοτελής autotelēs from αὐτός autos, “self” and τέλος telos, “goal”. (wikipedia.org and Michael Kelly)
1.in a state of pitiful or contemptible intellectual or moral ignorance, typically owing to a lack of opportunity.“they saw themselves as bringers of culture to poor benighted peoples”
2.overtaken by darkness.“a storm developed and we were forced to wait benighted near the summit”
relating to or resulting from motion.
(of a work of art) depending on movement for its effect.
noun: Something that reduces or relieves pain.
destroy utterly; obliterate.“a simple bomb of this type could annihilate them all”
synonyms: destroy, wipe out, obliterate, wipe off the face of the earth; More antonyms: create
defeat utterly.“the stronger force annihilated its opponent virtually without loss”
PHYSICSconvert (a subatomic particle) into radiant energy.
Patterned after adolescence. Earliest documented use: 1965 (adolescence is from 1425).
prise (praɪz) or prize
US and Canadian equivalent: pry
Patterned after the word multitasking. Earliest documented use: 1985 (multitasking is from 1966).
Origin: early 20th century: from Russian, literally ‘devastation,’ from gromit’ ‘destroy by the use of violence.’
1. Relating to the highest heaven, believed to contain pure light or fire.
2. Relating to the sky; celestial.
3. Sublime; elevated.
From Latin empyreus, from Greek empyrios (fiery), from pur (fire). Other words derived from the same root are fire, pyre, pyrosis (heartburn), and pyromania (an irresistible impulse to set things on fire). Earliest documented use: 1500. A synonym of the word is empyreal.
an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.
synonyms: massacre, slaughter, mass murder, annihilation, extermination, decimation, carnage, bloodbath, bloodletting, butchery, genocide, holocaust, purge, ethnic cleansing“how is it that every civilized nation has not formally denounced this pogrom?”
|noun:||1. Chance; fortune.|
|2. An occurrence.|
|verb tr.:||1. To occur.|
|2. To clothe, cover, or wrap.|
For verb 2: Of uncertain origin. Earliest documented use: 1390.
a psychological illness characterized by an extreme impulse to dance, prevalent in southern Italy from the 15th to the 17th century, and widely believed at the time to have been caused by the bite of a tarantula.
Origin: mid 17th century: from Italian tarantismo, from the name of the seaport Taranto, after which the tarantula is also named. Compare with tarantella.
search for and publish private or identifying information about (a particular individual) on the Internet, typically with malicious intent.“hackers and online vigilantes routinely dox both public and private figures”
Origin: early 21st century: alteration of docs, plural of doc (short for document).
(of a person) giving their name to something.“the eponymous hero of the novel”
(of a thing) named after a particular person.“Roseanne’s eponymous hit TV series”
1.a summary or abstract of a text or speech.
synonyms: summary, synopsis, résumé, abstract, outline, summarization, summation; More
1.make a précis of (a text or speech).
1 : relating to or based on the sense of touch. 2 : characterized by a predilection for the sense of touch a haptic person.
the practice of concealing messages or information within other nonsecret text or data.
Origin: late 16th century: modern Latin steganographia, from Greek steganos ‘covered’ + -graphy.
verbliterarygerund or present participle: deracinating
tear (something) up by the roots.
Origin: late 16th century: from French déraciner, from dé- (expressing removal) + racine ‘root’ (based on Latin radix ).
noun: A castaway; a person who is isolated or without companionship.
After Mithridates VI, king of Pontus (now in Turkey) 120-63 BCE, who is said to have acquired immunity to poison by ingesting gradually larger doses of it. Earliest documented use: 1866. The noun form is mithridatism.
a person’s ability to breathe freely during exercise, after having been out of breath.
a new strength or energy to continue something that is an effort.“she gained a second wind during the campaign and turned the opinion polls around”
former term for psychiatrist.
USa psychiatrist who assesses the competence of a defendant in a court of law.
Isolophilia (n.) strong affection for solitude, being left alone.
The recognition and respect of all religions; those who hold this belief are called omnists (or Omnists). The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) quotes as the term’s earliest usage by English poet Philip J. Bailey: in 1839 “I am an omnist, and believe in all religions”.
a state of serene calmness.
The bobo, short for bourgeois-bohème (bourgeois-bohemian), who is a middle- or upper-class Parisian who chews on organic food and dons all-natural fibres, yet couldn’t live without their industrially mass-produced iPhone.
noun: emolument; plural noun: emoluments
a salary, fee, or profit from employment or office.“the directors’ emoluments”
synonyms: salary, pay, payment, wage(s), earnings, allowance, stipend, honorarium, reward, premium;
Origin: late Middle English: from Latin emolumentum, originally probably ‘payment to a miller for grinding grain,’ from emolere ‘grind up,’ from e- (variant of ex- ) ‘out, thoroughly’ + molere ‘grind.’
1.the conventional spelling system of a language.
the study of spelling and how letters combine to represent sounds and form words.
2.another term for orthographic projection.
Origin: late Middle English: via Old French and Latin from Greek orthographia, from orthos ‘correct’ + -graphia ‘writing.
noun: volte-face; plural noun: volte-faces
an act of turning around so as to face in the opposite direction.
an abrupt and complete reversal of attitude, opinion, or position.“a remarkable volte-face on taxes”
Origin: early 19th century: from French, from Italian voltafaccia, based on Latin volvere ‘to roll’ + facies ‘appearance, face.’
(n) German.definition: feeling of anticipation of something pleasurable or desired in the future. (Courtesy of Robert McEwen, H.W., M.)
Ostalgie is a German term referring to nostalgia for aspects of life in East Germany. It is a portmanteau of the German words Nostalgie (nostalgia) and Ost (east). Its anglicised equivalent, ostalgia (rhyming with “nostalgia”), is also sometimes used.
disembowel (a person or animal).“the goat had been skinned and neatly eviscerated”
deprive (something) of its essential content.“myriad little concessions that would eviscerate the project”
SURGERYremove the contents of (a body organ).
Etymology of the word alcohol
a person engaged in scientific or technical research.“a computer boffin”
a person with knowledge or a skill considered to be complex, arcane, and difficult.“he had a reputation as a tax boffin, a learned lawyer”
infest or exploit (an organism or part) as a parasite.
late Middle English: from medieval Latin objectum ‘thing presented to the mind,’ neuter past participle (used as a noun) of Latin obicere, from ob- ‘in the way of’ + jacere ‘to throw’; the verb may also partly represent the Latin frequentative objectare.
1. kill, destroy, or remove a large percentage or part of.
2. drastically reduce the strength or effectiveness of (something).
1. Up-to-date; fully-informed.
a person who is given boring, menial tasks to do.“I got myself a job as typist and general dogsbody on a small magazine”
1. Of little value; trifling.
2. Having no force; ineffective.
From Latin plethora, from Greek plethore (fullness), from plethein (to be full). In the beginning the word was applied to an excess of a humor, especially blood, in the body. Earliest documented use: 1541.
1. A formidable opponent or an archenemy.
2. A source of harm or ruin.
3. Retributive justice.
verb intr.: To be absorbed in thought.
verb tr.: To think or say something thoughtfully.
noun: A state of deep thought.
For the rest: From Old French muser (to meditate, to idle). Earliest documented use: 1500.
(chiefly of environmental pollution and pollutants) originating in human activity.“anthropogenic emissions of sulfur dioxide”
Gotham: You’re likely most familiar with New York City’s “Gotham” nickname from Batman comics and movies, but the nickname actually predates the Dark Knight by nearly 120 years.
By repeatedly using “Gotham” in a publication created to lampoon New York culture, Irving was poking a little fun at the city and its residents by comparing it to a village where people pretended to be crazy. New Yorkers embraced the moniker, either not aware that Irving was mocking them, or out of pride for being considered craftily crazy. (mentalfloss.com)
Arrabbiata sauce, or sugo all’arrabbiata in Italian, is a spicy sauce for pasta made from garlic, tomatoes, and red chili peppers cooked in olive oil. Arrabbiata literally means “angry” in Italian; the name of the sauce refers to the spiciness of the chili peppers.
1. A pupa of a moth or butterfly, enclosed in a cocoon.
2. A protective covering.
3. A transitional or developmental stage.
1. The final or adult stage of an insect.
2. An idealized image of someone, formed in childhood and persisting in later life.
relating to or characterized by reversion to something ancient or ancestral.“atavistic fears and instincts”
Example: I lustify that movie, it was great
Origin and Etymology of phallusLatin, from Greek phallos penis, representation of the penis; probably akin to Latin flare to blow — more at blow. Probably where the term of “BLOW JOB” came from was the word Phallos. Also the word tracks to a vessel for water in some work tracking. (Robert McEwen, H.W., M.)
heretic: from the Greek hairetikos meaning “able to choose.”
pattern: is from the Latin pater, meaning father.
carcinoma: a malignant tumor of epithelial origin.
epithelium and feminine derive from the Greek thele, meaning nipple.
masturbation: disturbing male seed.
orthodoxy: straight thinking.
philanthropy: lover of mankind.
apocalypse: from Greek, meaning an unveiling, a moment in which something is revealed that changes our perception of everything (definition via Nathan Schneider)
idiot: comes from Greek idios which means “one’s own, peculiar to oneself.” We see it in our English word idiosyncrasy and idiomatic—and it is where we get the word idiot, or a person who is consumed with himself.
approve: from prove which comes from pro- meaning in favor and bus meaning to be. So approve means to be in favor of being.
diagnosis: from Greek dia- meaning through and Greek gnosis meaning knowing.
peripatetic: disciple of Aristotle from Greek peripatetikos “given to walking about” (especially while teaching), from peripatein, from peri– “around” + patein“to walk.” Aristotle’s custom was to teach while strolling through the Lyceum in Athens.
gullible: from Middle English cull meaning to pluck or gather.
reify: to regard (something abstract) as a material or concrete thing.
debt: from Latin debere meaning to to owe, originally, to keep something away from someone.
experience: from Latin periculum meaning to attempt or to fail, also fear. An expert is one who has experienced.
restaurant: from French restaurer meaning to restore
infant: comes from Latin infans meaning without speech
axiom: comes from Greek axios meaning worthy
atom: comes from the Latin atomus meaning indivisible
bad: comes from the Old English baeddel meaning effeminate man